Superficial Venous Disease

Definition of Superficial Venous Disease

Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) commonly affects lower limbs with a prevalence ranging between 25–40% and 10–20% in women and men, respectively. The annual incidence is 2–6% in women and 1.9% in men.

A vein disease that affects the veins near the surface of the leg is known as superficial venous disease. This condition develops gradually, often over years and leads to symptoms such as heaviness, cramping, itching, swelling, leg fatigue, and restless legs. Some patients with this condition may develop varicose veins or spider veins.

Left untreated, superficial venous disease can lead to worsening symptoms as well as complications such as thick, leathery skin, hyper pigmentation, and open sores/ulcers. These symptoms can hinder a patient’s quality of life, making it important to treat this condition right away.

Cardiology Solutions specializes in a variety of superficial venous therapies and can help patients relieve their symptoms and prevent worsening.

Causes of Superficial Venous Disease

Superficial venous disease occurs when the valves in the veins do not function correctly. It causes the blood to build up in the veins and leads to swelling. Over time, the increased pressure of the additional blood may lead to the uncomfortable symptoms of this condition.

Since this is a vein disease, it is often hereditary, meaning if a patient’s parents had it, they are more likely to develop it. Other risk factors for superficial venous include older age, sitting or standing for long period of time, obesity, smoking, and being pregnant multiple times. 

Symptoms of Superficial Venous Disease

  • Swelling of the legs or ankles
  • Pain or tightness in the legs that gets worse with standing
  • Leg cramps
  • Aching, throbbing, or feeling of heaviness in the legs
  • Leg itchiness
  • Leg weakness
  • Thickening or discoloration of the legs
  • Varicose veins or spider veins
  • Leg ulcers 

Treatments for Superficial Venous Disease

There are a number of different ways we may treat superficial venous disease. Some of the most effective and commonly recommended treatments we perform include:

Radiofrequency or Laser Ablation: Ablation is an excellent alternative to conventional vein stripping procedures. It can be performed under an hour with a local anesthetic with laser or radiofrequency technology.

The veins that are affected as well as the severity of a patient’s symptoms will determine the ideal treatment for them.

Contact Cardiology Solutions Today

If you are seeking treatment for superficial venous disease, please contact us today to schedule an appointment at 347-868-1902.

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